Before you build a deck, you’ll need to obtain the proper permits from your local building department. You’ll also need to follow local safety codes and specifications. If you’re unsure about which requirements apply to your project, you can do some research to learn about the process. After you have the right permits, you can begin planning the design of your deck.
Building a deck
If you’ve ever wanted to build your own deck, you’re not alone. Fortunately, there are many online courses that can help you get the necessary skills to build a deck, including MT Copeland’s video-based classes. These classes feature professionally produced videos with experienced craftspeople teaching basic construction techniques. They also include supplementary downloads, quizzes, and blueprints.
Choosing the best materials to build your deck requires some careful planning. You’ll need to select materials that are rot and moisture-resistant. You’ll also need to consider the design of your deck and its placement. This will help you determine how much material you’ll need. To start, measure the height of your deck from the ground near the doorway or house floor. Choose a height that is about two to four inches higher than the floor of your house, as this will prevent water from soaking in and causing damage to your deck. You can also use a string level to mark the height of your deck with a line. Make sure that the height of the second corner stake is the same as the first one.
Once you have the measurement of your deck ledger, you can install the flooring joists on top. The flooring joists will go over the ledger board, so you need to set them at a level distance. Be sure to brace them in place. Then, attach them to the joist hangers on-center.
When you’re installing joists for your deck, you have to follow a few steps. First, you need to measure the width of the space between the two joists. Once you have this measurement, you can place the joists in the appropriate locations.
Once you have measured the space, you need to determine which side of the joists will rest on the framing. Then, you should mark the distance between the joists and the beam. Make sure to measure each joist individually. This will ensure that the floor span is even and secure.
Installing joists will make it easier to install the decking. You will need joist hangers to hold them in place. These joist hangers are designed for common dimensional lumber. They are designed to be one inch shorter than the depth of the joist. This means that a 2×10 joist should be paired with a 2×6 hanger.
Before you begin building the stairs, you must determine the size of the stairwell. The width should be at least 36 inches. You can also use 2×6 lumber under the joists to increase the support surface. Next, attach the stringers to the substructure of the deck with brackets or cleats.
The height of the stairs will depend on the landing point. The stair’s height should be between six and eight inches above the deck’s finished height. This will determine the number of treads and the length of the stringers and skirt. If you plan on adding a step or two, make sure the riser is between six and eight inches high. If you add or subtract a riser, the height of the landing point will change as well.
Aside from the height, it is essential to install handrails on the stairs. This is for safety reasons. While it might seem tedious, a handrail can add a little extra security to your deck.
Building a landing requires careful planning. The landing is part of a flight of stairs and is constructed like a mini deck, complete with posts, rim joists, flooring, and handrails. It must be level, and adhere to the 2012 IRC building codes.
Landings should be at least 30″ wide and 36″ long. They must have code-compliant guardrails and be secured to the deck with two bolts. If the landing is under the deck floor, it must provide a minimum of 6′ 8″ of headroom.
Landings can be built out of flagstone, pavers, brick, or concrete. Flagstone is a cost-effective choice that does not require a lot of digging. Using flagstone also means that you won’t have to worry about the mess and drying times that come with concrete. In addition, flagstone does not shift under the weight of people walking on it. Pavers are also a good option for landings on decks.